Scenes of the Peach Orchard

Sickles-Just Before

12" x 20" Framed/Signed Limited Edition Canvas Print-$59.95

         If  General Daniel Sickles had merely missed the Battle of Gettysburg he still would have led a most interesting life. Killer of Francis Scott Key’s son in highly publicized love triangle. The first use of temporary insanity as a legal defense. An affair with the former Queen of Spain. Scandals galore-both in and out of the Military. 

        All of these paled when compared to the controversy that arose out of his actions during and after the Battle of Gettysburg.  Sickles was not held in high regard by the new commander of the Army of the Potomac, General George Meade, due to Sickles’ political connections and lack of military background.  Ordered by Meade to defend the left flank of the Union Army, Sickles fretted about the topography.  On his own he ordered his 10,000 man III Corps forward into a highly questionable salient leaving the most important natural feature of the vicinity, Little Round Top, undefended.

       Meade was unaware of this until the Confederate attack began, too late for any adjustments. Due to the exposed and segmented position, Union reinforcements were fed into the area piecemeal, making cohesive command difficult.

           Even with thousands of troops and additional artillery committed to the area, the location prized by Sickles, the high ground of the Peach Orchard, became untenable.  The above shows many of the nearly 40 Artillery pieces dispatched to the Peach Orchard desperately attempting to exit the scene before being overran by Confederate forces just beyond the horizon. Also visible are the Wentz and Sherfy houses and Barns along the Emmitsburg Pike. Sickles is gathering his staff near the Trostle Barn at right. Seconds later a bouncing Confederate cannon ball struck the mounted Sickles in the right leg, shattering both bones. Sickles was removed on a stretcher reputedly smoking a cigar and his active military career was over.

          Despite his tactical miscues Sickles was loved by his troops and post war was active in the creation and preservation of the Gettysburg Battlefield.
 
12” x 20”  signed limited ed. canvas print(100) w/certificate of authenticity-Framed w/brass plate                 $59.95 plus shipping -Deluxe frame Add $10.00  

Located in the Peach Orchard Category

Wheatfield Road Artillery

12" x 36" Panoramic Framed/Signed Linited Edition Canvas Print-$69.95

      After the Civil War, one of the reasons given by General Daniel Sickles to justfy his decision to defend the Peach Orchard area was his estimation that  it was a good artillery platform.  As July 2nd 1863 progressed more and more Union Batteries were sent to the to area. These were not just III corps batteries directed by Sickles  but most of the 38 cannon that occupied the Peach Orchard area were from the Artillery reseseve and authorized by the the dynamic Union artillery chief, General Henry J. Hunt.

        What is now known as Wheatfield Road was a farm lane running from the Peach Orchard  to the Taneytown Road.  For the first 400 yards running west from the Emmitsburg Road, 30 muzzles had clear view to the south as Hood’s Division moved across their front to attack the Little Round Top, Houck’s Ridge and Rose Woods area.  Those cannon made life miserable and sometimes short for the 5 to 10.minutes the Southern soldier were exposed to their fury.

         Sometime after 5 PM Kershaw’s Brigade emerged from the woods on Warfield’s Ridge. Intitially they headed east like the prior attackers and suffered similar punishment. Just after crossing the Emmitsburg Road they moved behind the Rose farm buildings. Kershaw  dispatched his three leftmost regiments to the north to dispatch the Union batteries that had proved so troublesome. For a few hundred yards these regiments were hidden by a swale.

          The scene above shows the moment that Kershaw’s threat became apparent to the Union Artillery. On the left is the rightmost Napoleon  of Bigelow’s 9th Massachusetts battery. To its right are the Ordnance rifles of Phillip’s 5th Massachusetts battery .  Moving in between the two Bay State units is the 3rd Michigan pulling back from their skirmish line. Further to the right four more Union batteries blend into each other. Just visible are the Wentz and Sherfy Barns. A group of III Corps staff officers recognize the danger and the 141st Pennsylvania lies low to the ground  to avoid the shelling of 30 Confederate guns that zeroed in on the Peach Orchard. 

            Ironically Kershaw’s threat self destructed a few moments later as a mistaken order directed the southerners to flank to the right directly in front of the Union cannon. The South Carolinans  suffered frightful losses before retiring back to the swale.
 

12” x 36”  signed limited ed. canvas print(100) w/certificate of authenticity-Framed w/brass plate                 $69.95 plus shipping -Deluxe frame Add $10.00  

Located in the Peach Orchard Category

Peach Orchard Skirmishers

12" x 20" ($59.95) or 22" x 34" (99.95) Framed/Signed Limited Edition Canvas Print

The scene above portrays the right flank of the 3rd  at the edge of the Emmitsburg Road and the corner of Sherfy's Peach Orchard.  The 3rd Maine spent at least 2 hours in this area with artillery fire from both sides screaming overhead. Here they   prepare to fall back before Kershaw’s left wing approaches the Peach Orchard. The Southern troops visible are the the 8th South Carolina Regiment (nearest), the  3rd South Carolina Battalion and portions of the 2nd South Carolina. Kershaw's first attack on the Peach Orchard was defeated by the massed artillery in the Peach Orchard and a mistaken Confederate order. However in later action the 3rd was lucky to escape annihilation in Barksdale’s onslaught  suffering nearly 60% casualties in the day’s action.
 

12” x 20”  signed limited ed. canvas print(100) w/certificate of authenticity-Framed w/brass plate               $59.95 plus shipping -Deluxe frame Add $10.00  22” x 34” signed limited edition stretched print (50) w/certificate of authenticity  Framed w/brass plate                $99.95 plus shipping -Deluxe frame Add $10.00


Located in the Peach Orchard Category

Jersey Blue Collision

12" x 20" Framed/Signed Limited Edition Canvas Print-$59.95

 The 7th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry Regiment was formed in September 1861, at Camp Olden in Trenton.  The regiment saw action at the battles of Williamsburg, Fair Oaks, Oak Grove, Savage Station, and Malvern Hill. Later in 1862, the 7th participated in General Pope's campaign in northern Virginia, fighting at Bristoe Station, Groveton, Bull Run, and Chantilly.  In December,  1862, the 7th fought at bloody Fredericksburg, in May of 1863.  
 

                         As result of that continuous action the 7th arrived at Gettysburg with only 275 active troops. Assigned to Burling’s Brigade of Sickles’ III Corps, the New Jersey veterans   initially were held in reserve near the Trostle Farm on July 2.  Sometime around 6:00 PM the Union salient in the Peach Orchard began to fall. A pincer movement of Kershaw’s and Barksdale’s Confederate Brigades made the Peach Orchard untenable.  The 7th New Jersey under Lt. Colonel Lewis Francine moved forward up the slope toward the Peach Orchard.  The advance was not smooth as retreating III corps regiments passed through the 7th’s ranks.  Even more distressing was a headlong rush of several limbers and caissons of  Captain Judson Clark’s 1ST New Jersey Light Artillery.  The six horse teams and their trails split the 7th in half and slowed the advance considerably.
 

                      This print depicts Clark’s Battery escaping  from the Peach Orchard vortex, bisecting the  7th New Jersey as they attempt to move toward Wheatfield Road.  Just behind the 7th are portions of the 3rd Maine and 2nd New Hampshire trying to hold off the 21st Mississippi, just visible on the horizon. On the far right is  the Wertz barn and house located at the corner of the Emmitsburg Road and Wheatfield road. After reforming and continuing to charge forward Francine was mortally wounded. Major Frederick Cooper took over command as the Garden Staters’ tried to stem the Confederate advance.   Despite the brevity of their stand the 7th suffered 114 casualties, more than 40% of their complement.  
 

12” x 20”  signed limited ed. canvas print(100) w/certificate of authenticity-Framed w/brass plate              $59.95 plus shipping -Deluxe frame Add $10.00  

Located in the Peach Orchard Category

Rose Barn Loft

12"x 30" Framed/Signed Limited Edition Canvas Print-$69.95

           George Rose owned a large farm located on the easterly side of the Emmitsburg Road about two miles south of the Gettysburg. The Rose farm was centered on a large stone barn built in 1824. From ground to peak the barn rose more than 30 feet above the surrounding terrain.

          On July 2nd 1863, General Joseph Kershaw’s Brigade of nearly 2200 South Carolinians stepped out from the woods on Warfield Ridge and headed towards the Rose Farmstead and a small Stony Hill behind it. After taking losses from the Union batteries along Wheatfield Road while crossing the fields on the west side of the Emmitsburg Road, the brigade’s left wing passed below the sight line of the Union artillery into a swale north of the Rose Barn. Kershaw’s left three regiments wheeled up the hill toward the Peach Orchard and Wheatfield road. For whatever reason there were only Blue clad skirmishers between Kershaw’s troops and the Union Cannons. The union batteries were undoubtedly shocked to see the Confederates coming over the crest of the hill and some units were reported to have commenced spiking their guns.

            The print shows the scene as it appeared from Rose Farm loft. On the left is the Emmitsburg road and respectively, the 8th S. Car., 3rd S. Car. Battalion and the 2nd S. Carolina Regiment. Skirmishers from the 3rd Maine are pulling back into the Peach Orchard and the danger to the 30 plus Union Guns on Wheatfield Road is clear. Trostle farm, the site of General Dan Sickles’ Headquarters is just visible on the extreme left. The Wentz house and barn at the corner of Wheatfield Road and the Emmitsburg Road is also visible with the Sherfy, Spangler and Klingle Barns further to the North. 

              Moments later, all three regiments received and followed a mistaken order to “right flank.” This maneuver put the South Carolinians in a terrible spot as they took shot after shot of canister from the Union cannons only a few hundred feet away.  Two days later when Union officers surveyed the field south of the Wheatfield Road the bodies of over 150 South Carolinians outlined their ranks where the fateful maneuver occurred.

       12” x 30”  signed limited ed. canvas print(100) w/certificate of authenticity-Framed w/brass plate            $59.95 plus shipping -Deluxe frame Add $10.00  

Located in the Peach Orchard Category

Rose Farm Skirmishers

11" x 22" Framed/Signed Limited Edition Canvas Print-$59.95

The 3rd Maine Regiment was recruited majorly of Kennebec lumbermen. According to Fox's Regimental Losses the rugged recruits averaged 170 pounds. The 3rd Maine arrived on the front in time for first Bull Run in July 1861. After participating in nearly all of the battles of the Virginia Campaigns of 1861-63 the 3rd arrived at Gettysburg with only 210 officers and men. Colonel Moses Lakeman led the 3rd Maine as part of Hobart Ward’s brigade of III Corps.  
 

Early on July 2, 1863 Ward’s Brigade assembled in the Trostle Farm area. Eventually the bulk of the Brigade was assigned to the Devil’s Den-Houck’s Ridge area. In mid morning due to confusion in the Union command, John Buford’s cavalry Brigade was removed from its screening assignment along the Emmitsburg Road. This concerned General Dan Sickles of the III Corps. The 3rd Maine was detached with along with the 100 rifles from Hiram Berdan’s 1st USS Sharpshooters to the area of the Peach Orchard, where they were sent westerly to probe the woods west of the Emmitsburg Road.

This detachment encountered the Confederate regiments of Cadmus Wilcox’s Brigade. A hot firefight ensued that convinced Sickles the Confederates were targeting his command. After withdrawing from Biesecker’s Woods the regiment was stationed in skirmish line to the south of Sherfy’s Peach Orchard and north of the Rose Farm.
 

Around 4 PM the Confederates did attack the III corps. Looking to the south from their skirmish position the 3rd could see four brigades of Southern troops moving to the west.  About one hour later General Joseph Kershaw’s Brigade appeared out of the Warfield ridge woods and wheeled to the left directly at the 3rd Maine.  In the scene above the 3rd falls back after a hot skirmish as Kershaw cleared the stone buildings of the Rose Farm. The southern troops visible are the 2nd South Carolina (on left) and the 3rd South Carolina Battalion. After moving back to the Peach Orchard the 3rd was lucky to escape annihilation in Barksdale’s onslaught but suffered nearly 60% casualties in the day’s action.


11” x 22”  signed limited ed. canvas print (100) w/certificate of authenticity-Framed w/brass plate                  $59.95 plus shipping -Deluxe frame Add $10.00  

Located in the Peach Orchard Category